Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Redefining the term Heritage

For past three months I had continuous bare encounters with rich central Indian culture, its Material and customary Heritage...........

one thing that was creeping in my mind continuously was the new definition of heritage...........now I feel

Heritage is an Inventory of High and Low Dynamic Cultural Values with the constant resonance and changes where Past reflects in Material and Customary forms affecting the Present to weave a Definable and Flexible Future.

Kindly ensure a critical comment below the post.................!

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Continuance of Heritage & Role of Art through Ages: A Review


Hony. Director (TALENT Academy), Delhi
Coordinator, SAGAR NGO, Delhi


A country like India may happily count itself one among the five greatest civilizations ever existed on the globe. For more than five thousand years Indian has witnessed great relations with other civilizations and changes on the levels of average communal wisdom, Art, Culture, Religion, Economy and Administration. Changes in any of the said factor lead to great ups and downs to others as all these had been inclusive and complex ingredients for Great Civilizations.

Any statement on the continuance of heritage or conveyance potential of art for heritage, needs the Heritage to be redefined, in terms of inheritance and its functionality as a social system. I believe heritage itself is an active system. Heritage includes tangible and intangible forms of arts and vice versa Arts and artifacts carry several forms of heritage. Intangible heritage exist in inclusive form of Memory (may have a great variety, from rituals to traditions and language to slangs) and Emotions that are factors, responsible to generate verity of intangible heritage. Well Art itself is a heritage and continuance of heritage in a society is a specific Social Art, rather I say both these are each and opposite side of a coin. In a society, heritage may have its continuance in two different forms. One is dynamic form and other is static (or a less dynamic) and on the basis of these two, heritage may also be of two kinds, Dynamic heritage and Static (less dynamic) Heritage.

relations_thumb5The active and very dynamic heritage has a tendency of rapid changes or metamorphosis and within few inheritance generations the form of art carried by Heritage or Heritage carried by Art transforms its style, nature and identity. Heritage is yet to be same but appears in a new form. A less dynamic heritage (or static Heritage) may prolong itself for centuries to ages and may carry same form of art. There is another bifurcation of Heritage that suggest terms like Acceptable Heritage (Heritage that we don’t hesitate to relate ourselves with) and Ignorable Heritage ( A Heritage Value present among the society but avoided due to social constraints like abusive words, slangs etc). This may be an issue for debate later on, if art should convey this heritage to the future generation or not & if the discussion should be carried out.

It is also necessary to state that intangible heritage exist in memory while tangible heritage is the cultural expression of intangible heritage through Art as a medium in a limited manner. Dynamicity, stativity, tangibility and intangibility of heritage create a very complex lattice of cultural expression, when mixed with art and at times, it is hard to differentiate various types of heritage in a society that has diversity in its traditions. A society has its own intuition of continuance of heritage through various arts.

Story of the expression of heritage through art dates back to prehistoric age while man (a bipedal anthropoid) was trying to be human (most efficient social animal). Since science has materialized theory of evolution and forensic expertise, we have proof to ensure artistic approach and making of artifacts in prehistoric human lives. Widely accepted theory of “nomads” also explains that 35 thousand years ago man didn’t have speech centers in the brain and used] sign language to communmore-relations_thumb3icate as only medium. Process of natural evolution pushed human to innovate other medium for communication to make life better. I assume that an anthropoid in a developing human race would have scratch the damp soil surface in agony or irritated mood while he was upset due to some reason and noticed the mark on the surface made by him. That moment would be one of the instances when art originated. At the same time another idea would have struck to him, picking a stone or soil piece he would have drawn some straight and curved lines either on the same damp soil or some other hard surface. Happiness would have made him dance on this discovery. He would have stricken with another idea to convey his experiences to the coming generation.

I believe this would have been the very first conveyance of Intangible Heritage (experience, parental memory and emotions) through art. Mind of mankind at that time was not grown enough to depict the hunting scene exactly and in a very detail the only skill with expertise at that time was hunting. Like a new born learner kid they would have tried some very basic drawaing on the cave wall to let their infants know about the wild furiousity moving arround outside the cave. All type of Arts are the true reflection of nature having a very basic property of continuous evolution and the same happened to those cave people they conveyed their intangible heritage to the coming generation maximum as possible. I find assumption possibilities for ceremonial events that take one to the state of virtualization of the origin sequence of art, rituals and language.

Several studies related to the caves paintings of Altamira (Spain), Bhim Baitka (Bhopal, India) and Lascaux in soutgraph-pictograph-cave-Col_thumb2h west France etc have a similarity on the level of interpretation. “An act was a language to convey and to express the thought or idea”. It is an assumption that sign of language used by prehistoric man along with all those mimicry oriented actions to explain the curiosity of wild animal to their children were most primitive style of performing art that conveyed the experiences of one to another and art do the same at present. If art is not differentiated (and in case of present scenario I include writing, an art of expression that convey the emotions, very good) in to several styles and classes then it is only expression of experiences and emotions.

Here I conclude, every art is an altimetry product of emotional fluctuation. A variety of fluctuation produces range of art that is diversified in to several categories. Performing art is one of the diversification. Expressions of emotions & experiences through dance have been easiest since came in to its existence. A dance performance in India is not just a medium to express joy or happiness but it also expresses devotion to god (odissi), mythological storytelling (kathakali), style of martial arts (chau) and even natural heritage (naga nritya or snake dance). These expressions needed conveyance to next generations. Dance is an art form that carries dynamic heritage, very prone to be changed or disappear soon if not conveyed to next generation. In absence of video recordings, Guru Sishya Parampara was only medium to convey. Though during that time span, dances could be materialized as tangible by stone carving or sculpting only and had partial conveyance. Rituals and traditions have been inseparable aspect of Indian civilization hence ‘Guru-Sishya Parampara’ led the Indian dance culture to the present era. Most of the dance form inherited through Guru-Sishya Parampara on training basis only for several thousand years.

Natural existence of heritage gave birth to several art forms at one hand and originated traditions and rituals on another. From the period of Nomad Culture (35000 BC) to civilized India (2500 BC) performing art sustained very good and evolved as well. Performing art styles gone through enormous changes during this time gap and intangible heritage lived countless lives in the form of performing art and left its memories in the form of sculptures, cave paintings, and other forms of material arts. A relation among intangible Heritage and material could be said like “Intangible heritage lives its life as Performing Art and leaves the memories as Material or Plastic Art”. Material art after intangible heritage (if it is not conveyed) is a photo album giving selected glimpses only. Untitled_thumb5

Dance in India is considered divine by its origin. 3000 year old mythology refers the great delighting dance concerts that included drama and mime in god and goddess’s heavenly courts. Roots of all ancient dance forms can be traced to Bharata’s Natyashastra.

Natraja; The ancient most (dance known till date) cosmic dance or Tandava by Shiva is believed to encompass origin, sustainability and destruction. It is a belief that all traditional performing art forms have been originated from Tandava style. Mythological history dates back to an unknown period. It is belief that through this dance he regulates the continuance of life process in universe and makes equilibrium between balance and imbalance or between creativity and destruction. Kali, Krishna, Apsara and Gandharvas are other ancient icon performers who are believed to be the follower of the ancient most dance style and have appeared later with their own style like dance of war and death by (Kali), dance of love season, and peace and calm (Krishna), dance of leisure by Apsara and Gandharwas. It is believed that all classical dance forms in ancient India evolved from Natraja. Even at present all the classical dances are styled to the same and can be traced as derivative of tandava nritya. World famous Indian dances like Kuchipudi, Kathak, Bharatnatyam, Odissi, kathkali are basic reflection of the belief.nataraja-dance_thumb4

A tradition have been unconscious conveyance of heritage from one generation to others and dances like Odissi seems to be evolved as a trend of tribute to gods and goddesses as they are very devotional, aims the appraisal and formulate an offerings during most of its performance. Bharatnatyam and Kathakali are another form of dances very close to motive of Odissi. Kathakali is moreover sort of storytelling and plays an important role to convey centuries old stories of gods and goddesses. These dances convey a complete spiritual fragment to the viewer and let the social system preserve itself to be run as a humanitarian body. Several Arts have different messages to convey but the major is social welfare and its continuance. Dynamicity of heritage made it change in every generation while static values prevented major changes. Those dynasties which had high dynamic values have no more existence of intangible heritage while those with high static values, firm continuance, regularity in conveyance, and traditions made for continuance of intangible heritage exist in original or blend form till today. Indian classical dance styles are best example of second case. From the period of Lord Buddha India had a very successful and comparatively more static form of Intangible heritage. A very rhythmic form with thousands of synchronous branches, India had fluency in its Intangible flow. It seems the time, inheritance of intangible heritage was on its optimum and Indian had scored a peak of traditional continuance of intangible heritage.

1173 AD when Muhammad Ghauri captured Ghazni and headed towards Punjab in 1175 AD changed the dynamic and static values of continuance of intangible heritage through art in north Indian regions. Through the perspective of art I don’t call it good or bad but can say a sudden change and consider this attack like throwing a stone in to a pond that has a calm surface. His entrance in to Punjab made the intangible heritage dynamic. This event could be considered as dropping a spicy ingredient in to a sweet recipe. Those wild attacks stirred the synchronous harmony older than 1000 years and produced a very spicy blend of heritage through and after mughal kingdoms as well. He introduced a very dynamic but blood stained, wild and forceful foreign heritage trend within centuries old harmonious system. The relevant dynamicity of the heritage accelerated, and war lead to a disturbed (omuhammad_akbar_thumb17r almost stopped) continuance of intangible heritage. Dynamicity was on its high since Jalal-u-din-Mohammad-Akbar appeared as a semi-secular Emperor of northern India and realized the communal harmony an essential most factors for social system in 1582. For next few decades North India relished a highly dynamic but comparatively relaxed continuance of a spicy blend of intangible heritage. Again around 1665, this was Aurangzeb, who came up with an identity of top heritage lovers among all mughal emperors who gave the stativity to specific kind of heritage to sustain. Several schools of miniature paining came in to existence during his rulership that scored and preserved great extent of intangible heritage from that period by various means of depictions.

Decade of 1760 to 1770 could be considered as another turning point when continuance of heritage again slowed down from and lasted till 1947. British governor-general Lord Dalhousie banned the practices of ‘Sati’ between 1847 and 1856 with support of Raja Ram Mohan Roy that led to detraction of mass from their traditional practices. A few diaries (i.e. Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi) who documented beyond the facts of that time going beyond the British force claims that various small entrepreneurships like cotton weaving, manufacturing of metal ware etc were banned by Ruling Empire. I believe it would lead to disappearance of several undocumented and un-conveyed intangible heritage as the medium of expression got shortage for several decades. Only tribal areas could sustain with their untouched heritage. That sustainability and continuance of heritage could be seen yet in several crafts like bell metal (influenced from superficial and spiritual beliefs, weaving (influenced from natural heritage and cultural as well) in Madhya Pradesh. This depression of static value continued in British India since people again realized themselves free to follow up traditional values and materialize them by expression of arts.

Present status of art is far better reflection of belief and thoughts. Contemporary art has a very complex philosophy of expression through medium. Artistic approach towards plastic art forces an artist to experiment more and more and the age of science is additional boost for experimentation. As a result enormous art form have developed in past fifty years. Information technology has multiplied the boost several times. Every piece of intangible (sometimes that is not heritage) is expressible now and art goes through wires from one computer to another, from one phone to another, from one’s home to another. Intangible heritage have had very limited plastic medium to be materialized and conveyance have been in reduced form before 1990. At present it is magnetic layer technology that materializes and makes the intangible art plastic so this could be reformed several times at any place. This convenience has both positive and negative effects. At once it makes an important heritage ignored and in another second it makes famous worldwide something that is contemporary and could be ignorable. There is a visible difference in past and present scenario of continuance. At first intangible heritage lead the innovation and technology emerged to preserve it but now technology leads the intangible heritage and reforms it. I can say present is most dynamic state for intangible heritage ever happened. A great content of intangible heritage is on the verge of transformation.



1. Art and Cultural Heritage; Law, Policy and Practices, University of Cambridge
2. Digitizing Cultural and Natural Heritage; Presentation, University of Art and Design, Helsinki, School of Art and Media, Pori
3. The Art of Nothing; Immateriality and Intangible Art, Kristen Alvanson
4. www.indhistory.com

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Study programs across the world: Usefull links

Graduate Programs:

Arizona State University
Museum Anthropology Program
School of Human Evolution and Social Change
Tempe, AZ 85287



Graduate Programs:

University of Arkansas
Public History Program
Little Rock, AR 72204



Graduate Programs:

California State University, Chico
Museum of Anthropology
Chico, CA 95929

California State University, Chico
Certificate of History Program
Chico, CA 95929

California State University, Fullerton
Department of Art
Fullerton, CA 92634

California State University, Long Beach
University Art Museum
Long Beach, CA 90840

Claremont Graduate University
Cultural Studies Department
Center for the Arts and Humanities
Claremont, CA 91711

John F. Kennedy University
Department of Museum Studies
Berkeley, CA 94702-2471

San Francisco Art Institute
M.A. in Exhibition and Museum Studies
San Francisco, CA 94133

San Francisco State University
Museum Studies Program
College of Humanities
San Francisco, CA 94132

University of Southern California
Museum Studies Program
c/o Fisher Gallery
Los Angeles, CA 90089



Graduate Programs:

University of Colorado
Graduate Program in Museum and Field Studies
Boulder, CO 80309

University of Denver
Anthropology Museum Studies
Denver, CO 80208

School of Art and Art History with Museum Studies concentration
Denver, CO 80208


Undergraduate Programs:

University of Delaware
Arts Conservation Program
Newark, DE 19716

Graduate Programs:  

University of Delaware
Arts Conservation Program
Newark, DE 19716

Museum Studies Program
Newark, DE 19716

Program in Early American Culture
Newark, DE 19716

Graduate Programs:

American University
Arts Management Program
College of Arts and Sciences
Washington, DC 20016

The Johns Hopkins University
Museum Studies Program
1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 104
Washington, DC 20036

George Washington University
Museum Studies Program
Washington, DC 20052

Museum Education Program
Graduate School of Education and Human Development
Washington, DC 20052


Graduate Programs:

Florida International University
Graduate Certificate - Museum Studies
Frost Art Museum
Miami, FL 33199

Florida State University
Museum Studies at Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32306

University of Florida
School of Art and Art History
Master of Arts Degree in Museum Studies
Gainesville, FL 32611

University of West Florida
Public History Program
Pensacola, FL 32514


Undergraduate Programs:

Southern Illinois University
Museum Studies Program
University Museum
Carbondale, IL 62901

Certificate Programs:

Northwestern University
School of Continuing Studies
Museum Studies Program
Chicago, IL 60611

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Cultural Heritage and Museum Practices (CHAMP)
Department of Landscape Architecture
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Champaign, IL 61820

Graduate Programs:

Columbia College
Arts, Entertainment and Media Management
Chicago, IL 60605

Eastern Illinois University
Historical Administration Program
Department of History
Charleston, IL 61920

Northern Illinois University
Interdisciplinary Certificate of Graduate Study in Museum Studies
Dekalb, IL 60115

School of the Art Institute of Chicago
Arts Administration
Chicago, IL 60603

Master of Science in Historic Preservation
Chicago, IL 60603

Undergraduate Programs:

Indiana University-Purdue
University Indianapolis
Museum Studies Program
Indianapolis, IN 46202

Graduate Programs:  

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Museum Studies Program
Indianapolis, IN 46202


Undergraduate Programs:

University of Iowa
Museum Studies Program
Iowa City, Iowa 52242


Graduate Programs:

University of Kansas
Cultural Preservation Management
Center for Indigenous Nations Studies
Lawrence, KS

University of Kansas
Master's in Museum Studies
Certificate in Collections Conservation
Historical Administration and Museum Studies
Lawrence, KS 66045



Undergraduate Programs:

Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College
Museum Studies Certificate online
700 College Road
Cumberland, KY 40823

Graduate Programs:

University of Louisville
Masters of Arts in Fine Arts with a Critical &
Curatorial Studies concentration
Masters of Public Administration
Louisville, KY 40292




Graduate Programs:

University of New Orleans
Arts Administration Program
New Orleans, LA 70148

Master of Arts in Museum Studies Program
Southern University at New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana 70126

Undergraduate Programs:

Goucher College
Historic Preservation Program
Towson, MD 21204

Graduate Programs:

Goucher College
Arts Administration Program
Towson, MD 21204

Goucher College
Historic Preservation Program
Towson, MD 21204

Goucher College
Cultural Sustainability Program
Towson, MD 21204


Undergraduate Programs:

Smith College
Summer Institute in Art Museum Studies
Northampton, MA 01063

Regis College
Museum Studies
Weston, MA 12493

Graduate Programs:

Boston University
Department of Art History
Boston, MA 02215

Harvard Extension School
Master of Liberal Arts in Museum Studies
Cambridge, MA 02138-3722

Northeastern University
M.A. in Public History
Boston, MA 02115

Tufts University
Museum Studies Program
Medford, MA 02155



Undergraduate Programs:

Central Michigan University
Museum of Cultural and Natural History
Mount Pleasant, MI 48859

Graduate Programs:

Eastern Michigan University
Historic Preservation Program
Department of Geography and Geology
Ypsilanti, MI 48197

Michigan State University
Museum Studies Program
East Lansing, MI 48824

University of Michigan
Museum Studies Program
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Wayne State University
Library and Information Science Program
Archival Administration
Detroit, MI 48202

Western Michigan University
Nonprofit Leadership and Administration
School of Public Affairs and Administration
Kalamazoo, MI 49008

Public History Program
Department of History
Kalamazoo, MI 49008


Undergraduate Programs:

Southeast Missouri State University
Historic Preservation Program
Cape Girardeau, MO 63701

Graduate Programs: 

Southeast Missouri State University
Historic Preservation Program
Cape Girardeau, MO 63701

University of Missouri-St. Louis
Museum Studies Program
History Department
St. Louis, MO 63121


Graduate Programs:

Princeton University
Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies
Princeton, NJ 08544

Seton Hall University
Graduate Program in Museum Professions
South Orange, NJ 07079


Undergraduate Programs:

Institute of American Indian Arts
Sante Fe, NM 87508

Undergraduate Programs:

State University of New York College at Buffalo
Department of History and Social Studies Education
Undergraduate Minor in Museum Studies
Buffalo, NY 14222

Certificate Programs:

State University of New York College at Buffalo
Department of History and Social Studies Education
Graduate Certificate in Museum Studies
Buffalo, NY 14222

Graduate Programs:

Bank Street College of Education
Museum Education Program
New York, NY 10025

Bard College
Center for Curatorial Studies
PO Box 5000
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504

City College
Art Department
Museum Studies Program
New York, NY 10031

Columbia University Teachers College
Program in Arts Administration
New York, NY 10027

Cooperstown Graduate Program
Cooperstown, NY 13326

Cornell University
Graduate Program in Historic Preservation Planning
Ithaca, NY 14853

New York University
Institute of Fine Arts
Curatorial Studies Program
New York, NY 10021

Institute of Fine Arts
Conservation Center
New York, NY 10021

Program in Archival Management and Historical Editing
History Department
New York, NY 10012

Museum Studies Program
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
New York, NY 10003

Visual Arts Administration
Department of Art and Art Professions
The Steinhardt School of Education
New York, NY 10003

Hartwick College
Museum Studies
Oneonta, NY 13820-4020

State University of New York College at Buffalo
Department of History and Social Studies Education
M.A. in History with Museum Studies Concentration
Buffalo, NY 14222

Syracuse University
Museum Studies
Syracuse, NY 13244


Graduate Programs:

Appalachian State University
M.A. Program in History
Boone, NC 28608

North Carolina State University
Public History Program
Raleigh, NC 27695

University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Historic Preservation or Museum Studies
Greensboro, North Carolina 27412

University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Public History Program
Wilmington, NC 28403


Undergraduate Programs:

Walsh University
Division of Humanities
North Canton, OH 44720

Graduate Programs:

Case Western Reserve University
Program in Art History and Museum Studies
Cleveland, OH 44106

Mandel Center for Nonprofit Organizations
Cleveland, OH 44106

College of Design, Architecture, Art, and Planning
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, OH 45221-0016


Undergraduate Program:

University of Central Oklahoma
Museum Studies Program
UCO History Department
Edmund, OK 73034

Graduate Program:

University of Central Oklahoma
Museum Studies Program
UCO History Department
Edmund, OK 73034

University of Oklahoma
Master of Liberal Studies
On-line Museum Studies Program
Norman, OK 73019


Graduate Programs

University of Oregon
Arts and Administration Program
Eugene, OR 97403

Historic Preservation Program
Eugene, OR 97403


Graduate Programs:

Carnegie Mellon University
Master of Arts Management Program
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

Drexel University
Graduate Arts Administration Program
MacAlister Hall
Philadelphia, PA 19104

University of Pennsylvania
Graduate Program in Historic Preservation
Philadelphia, PA 19104

University of the Arts
MA, Museum Communication
Philadelphia, PA 19102

University of the Arts
MA, Museum Education
Philadelphia, PA 19102

University of the Arts
MFA, Museum Exhibition Planning and Design
Philadelphia, PA 19102

Undergraduate Programs:

Juniata College
Museum Studies Program
Huntington, PA 16652


Graduate Programs:

Brown Univeristy
Public Humanities Program
Department of American Civilization
Providence, RI 02912


Graduate Programs:

University of South Carolina
Applied History Masters Program
Department of History
Columbia, SC 29208


Graduate Programs:

Middle Tennessee State University
Public History Program
Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Tusculum College
Museum Studies Program
Greeneville, TN 37743
Museum Studies Program

University of Memphis
Interdisciplinary Graduate Certificate Program in Museum Studies
Memphis, TN 38152

Undergraduate Programs:

Baylor University
Department of Museum Studies
Waco, TX 76798

Graduate Programs:

Baylor University
Department of Museum Studies
Waco, TX 76798

Texas Tech University
Museum Science Program
Museum of Texas Tech University
Lubbock, TX 79409


Undergraduate Programs:

Brigham Young University
Certificate in Museum Practices program
Provo, Utah 84602


Graduate Programs:

George Mason University
Arts Management Program
Fairfax, VA 22030

George Mason University
Nonprofit Management Program
Fairfax, VA 22030

Virginia Commonwealth University
M.A. in Museum Studies
Department of Art History
Richmond, VA 23284-3046

Undergraduate Programs:

Lynchburg College
Museum Studies
Lynchburg, VA 24501-3199

Sweet Briar College
Arts Management
Sweet Briar, VA 24595

Graduate Programs:  

University of Washington
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Museum Studies
Burke Museum
Seattle, WA 98195



Undergraduate Programs:

Beloit College
Museum Studies Program
700 College Street
Beloit, WI 53511

Graduate Programs:  

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Graduate Program in Museum Studies
Department of Anthropology
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Milwaukee, WI 53201

International Programs:


Deakin University, Rusden Campus
Museum Studies Program
Clayton, Victoria 3168

University of Sydney
Museum Studies Program
International Office
University of Sydney
NSW 2006



Algonquin College
Applied Museum Studies Program
Advanced Diploma
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Athabasca University
Heritage Resources Management Program
Athabasca , Alberta

Laval Universite
Faculte des Lettres
Quebec City, Quebec G1K 7P4

Maîtrise en muséologie
Université de Montréal
Montréal, Québec H3T 1N8

Queen's University
Conservation Program
Art Centre Extension
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6

University of British Columbia
School of Library, Archival, and Information Studies
The University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1

University of Toronto
Museum Studies Program
Robarts Library, Toronto
Ontario, M5S 3H1

University of Victoria
Cultural Resource Management Programs
Division of Continuing Studies
Victoria, BC

York University
Program in Arts and Media Administration
North York, Ontario M3J 1P3



Fudan University
Institute for Museology



City University London
Culture, Policy and Management Pathways Programme
Department of Arts Policy and Management

University College London
Institute of Achaeology
Museum Studies, Cultural Heritage Studies
London WC1H OPY

University of Cambridge
Archaeology and Museums
Cambridge CB2 3DZ

Social Anthropology with Museum Studies
Cambridge CB2 3DZ

University of East Anglia
Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts
MA in Museology Program
Norwich, NR4 7TJ UK

University of Leicester
Graduate Program in Museum Studies
Dept of Museum Studies
Leicester LE1 7LG, UK

University of Manchester
Art Gallery and Museum Studies
Department of History of Art
Manchester M13 9PL

Newcastle University
International Centre for Cultural and Heritage Studies
Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
PhD, MPhil, MLitt, MPrac, MA, Postgraduate Diploma, and Postgraduate Certificate
(Museum Studies, Art Museum and Gallery Education, Art Museum and Gallery Studies, Heritage Education and Interpretation, and Heritage Management)


Ecole du Louvre
Museology Program
Paris 75001



Department of Cultural Technology and Communications
University of the Aegean
Harilaou Trikoupi & Faonos St.
GR - 81100 Mytilene



Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Museology Training Program
Faculty of Fine Arts
Department of Museology
Baroda, Gujarat 390002


New Zealand

Massey University
Museum Studies Program
Palmerston North (Turitea)

University of Auckland
Graduation Programme in Museums and Cultural Heritagee
Auckland, New Zealand

Victoria University of Wellington
Wellington, New Zealand
Museum and Heritage Studies

The Netherlands

Reinwardt Academie
Department of Museology
Amsterdam School of the Arts
International Master's Degree
Programme in Museology
Amsterdam 1093 BS



TERCUD - Centro de Estudos do Território, Cultura e Desenvolvimento
Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias
Av. do Campo Grande , 376
1749-024 Lisboa



University of St. Andrews
Museum and Gallery Studies
St. Andrews, Fife KY 169AJ, Scotland



University of Girona



Sweden Museology Program
Museology and Museum Studies
Department of Culture and Media
Umea University
S-901 87 Umea

Master's Programme
International Museum Studies
Museion Gothenburg University
Gothenburg, Sweden
405 30



Universite de Neuchatel
Museum Training Program
Institut d'ethnologie
Neuchatel CH-2006


For additional information in the fields of:

Arts Administration


Historic Preservation

Museum Studies

Public History

Also see:

Canadian Museums Association

Association of College and University Museums and Galleries